Many private truckstops feel that there is adequate parking at their truckstops. The entrance and exit ramps of interchanges are sometimes used when convenient or when rest areas are full. Trucks parking on the shoulder create a traffic safety hazard and damage to the shoulder and adjacent highway appurtenances.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) developed a guide Commercial Driver Rest Requirements: Making Space For Safety to help state agencies fulfill the requirements of Section 4027 of the Transportation Efficiency Act for the 21st Century (TEA21). These guidelines outline how to implement the process of determining commercial driver parking needs and should be use as the framework for this study. The following items have been determined necessary to complete the analysis and are outlined in the guidelines:
Inventory of major trucking corridors
Inventory of rest areas and truck stops
An informal survey of truck parking area deficiencies
Spot surveys of commercial drivers' habits, attitudes, preferences and characteristics
Use of corridor-based truck parking demand model
Use of corridor-based parking supply assessment
SDDOT needs to evaluate the needs of commercial drivers and the adequacy of rest area and truck stop facilities. This evaluation is necessary to provide recommendations for adequate and safe rest area facilities for commercial drivers and other travelers and comply with Section 4027 of TEA21.