Several state agencies in South Dakota plan and conduct activities to promote highway safety. For example:
the Department of Public Safetys Office of Highway Safety annually develops a Highway Safety Plan with broad stakeholder input and submits it to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA);
the Department of Public Safetys Motor Carrier Services unit annually prepares a Commercial Vehicle Safety Plan and submits it to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA);
the South Dakota Highway Patrol does not publish a formal plan, but does conduct educational and enforcement initiatives to promote highway safety;
the Office of the Attorney General engages in efforts to discourage and prevent alcohol- and drug-impaired driving;
the Department of Transportation does not publish a formal safety plan, but does address safety concerns through its Statewide Intermodal Long-Range Plan, Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), Roadside Safety Improvement (RSI) program, Highway/Rail Crossing program, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) program, and research program, all of which are coordinated with the Federal Highway Administration;
Motor Carrier Services, the Department of Revenue and Regulation, the Department of Transportation, and the South Dakota Trucking Association collaboratively plan and participate in the FMCSAs Commercial Vehicle Information Systems & Networks (CVISN) program;
the Department of Education and the Department of Health promote traffic safety for students;
the Department of Health also promotes car seat use to families served through the Women, Infant, and Childrens Supplemental Food Program and Community Health Services Program, and encourages exercise-such as walking and biking-that is affected by highway safety;
the Department of Social Services conducts child safety seat programs.
In addition, other organizations including tribes, counties, cities, metropolitan planning organizations, schools, and various federal health and law enforcement agencies plan and take actions to improve highway safety within their own jurisdictions. While some of their activities are conducted individually, many involve collaboration with state agencies.
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), enacted in late 2005, requires each state to develop a comprehensive Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) that identifies critical highway safety problems and opportunities on all public roads in the state. The SHSP is intended to provide a comprehensive framework for reducing highway fatalities and serious injuries, enabling the state to make data-driven investment decisions.
The new federal requirement presents an occasion and extra motivation for South Dakota to strategically coordinate its highway safety efforts. A comprehensive Strategic Highway Safety Plan could lead to better sharing and use of highway safety information, more responsive identification and prioritization of safety problems, and more efficient application of state resources to identified problems. By providing a strategic framework, the plan could also reduce the effort needed to generate agency-specific safety plans.