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South Dakota Department of Transportation
Project Synopsis
SD2006-04


Title: Development of the South Dakota Strategic Highway Safety Plan
Project Researcher: UNKNOWN,
Project Manager: Dave Huft
Research Period: -
Status:
Cost: $0.00

Problem Statement:

Several state agencies in South Dakota plan and conduct activities to promote highway safety. For example:

  • the Department of Public Safetys Office of Highway Safety annually develops a Highway Safety Plan with broad stakeholder input and submits it to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA);

  • the Department of Public Safetys Motor Carrier Services unit annually prepares a Commercial Vehicle Safety Plan and submits it to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA);

  • the South Dakota Highway Patrol does not publish a formal plan, but does conduct educational and enforcement initiatives to promote highway safety;

  • the Office of the Attorney General engages in efforts to discourage and prevent alcohol- and drug-impaired driving;

  • the Department of Transportation does not publish a formal safety plan, but does address safety concerns through its Statewide Intermodal Long-Range Plan, Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), Roadside Safety Improvement (RSI) program, Highway/Rail Crossing program, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) program, and research program, all of which are coordinated with the Federal Highway Administration;

  • Motor Carrier Services, the Department of Revenue and Regulation, the Department of Transportation, and the South Dakota Trucking Association collaboratively plan and participate in the FMCSAs Commercial Vehicle Information Systems & Networks (CVISN) program;

  • the Department of Education and the Department of Health promote traffic safety for students;

  • the Department of Health also promotes car seat use to families served through the Women, Infant, and Childrens Supplemental Food Program and Community Health Services Program, and encourages exercise-such as walking and biking-that is affected by highway safety;

  • the Department of Social Services conducts child safety seat programs.

  • In addition, other organizations including tribes, counties, cities, metropolitan planning organizations, schools, and various federal health and law enforcement agencies plan and take actions to improve highway safety within their own jurisdictions. While some of their activities are conducted individually, many involve collaboration with state agencies.

    The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), enacted in late 2005, requires each state to develop a comprehensive Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) that identifies critical highway safety problems and opportunities on all public roads in the state. The SHSP is intended to provide a comprehensive framework for reducing highway fatalities and serious injuries, enabling the state to make data-driven investment decisions.

    The new federal requirement presents an occasion and extra motivation for South Dakota to strategically coordinate its highway safety efforts. A comprehensive Strategic Highway Safety Plan could lead to better sharing and use of highway safety information, more responsive identification and prioritization of safety problems, and more efficient application of state resources to identified problems. By providing a strategic framework, the plan could also reduce the effort needed to generate agency-specific safety plans.

    Findings:

    Research Objectives:
    1  To develop a process for creating and maintaining South Dakota's Strategic Highway Safety Plan.
    2  To create the first annual South Dakota Strategic Highway Safety Plan that complies with requirements of SAFETEA-LU and provides a framework for coordinating and integrating agency-specific highway safety plans.
    3  To recommend institutional arrangements that will enable agencies to collaboratively create, maintain, fund, execute, manage, and evaluate South Dakota's Strategic Highway Safety Plan.

    Research Tasks:
    1  Meet with the project's technical panel to review the project scope and work plan.
    2  Review and summarize the current plans related to highway safety and the related plan development processes of all South Dakota state agencies.
    3  Through interviews of the members of the technical panel and other stakeholders, and through literature review, identify and summarize federal, state, and local requirements and needed enhancements to the South Dakota Strategic Highway Safety Plan an
    4  Compare South Dakota's current highway safety plans to the federal, state, and local requirements to identify missing or inadequately addressed elements of the current plans and planning processes.
    5  Prepare a technical memorandum that summarizes the work performed in Tasks 1-4 and proposes a collaborative, stakeholder-influenced plan development and maintenance process, a plan format, and a content outline of a statewide, multi-year Strategic Hi
    6  Meet with the project's technical panel to review the technical memorandum and, based on the panel's feedback, revise and submit for formal approval the proposed plan development and maintenance process, plan format, and content outline.
    7  Develop (in accordance with the panel-approved collaborative plan development process) a draft 2007 South Dakota Strategic Highway Safety Plan that: proposes strategic and performance goals; identifies key emphasis areas; identifies strategies and co
    8  Meet with the project's technical panel and, based on its feedback, revise and submit for formal approval a revised 2007 South Dakota Strategic Highway Safety Plan.
    9  Prepare a final report summarizing the research methodology, findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
    10  Make an executive presentation to the South Dakota Department of Transportation Research Review Board at the conclusion of the project.

    Documents Available:

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